عنوان مقاله [English]
Yemen had not such a name in ancient period and if Hemyar had not been defeated by Ethiopia, we might have known this country with a name which derivates from Hemyar, like Hamavaran in Shahnameh. On the other hand, in Shahnameh the name of Yemen is attributed to a place several times that it shows no relation with the country; in Shahnameh’s account of the reign of Yazdgerd I, Yemen is attributed to Hirah. For explanation of this paradox, we must consider that the word of Yemen is not an Arabic term. In fact, it belongs to Hebrew, especially as a toponym meaning south. The toponym originated from the populous Jewish Diasporas in Arabian Peninsula and Mesopotamia used in order to name southern areas. In both regions Jews succeeded to gain political influence; in Persian Empire, the Sasanian king, Yazdgerd I, married with the daughter of the Iranian Jewish leader. The event led to the increase of the political influence of the Iranian Jews to the highest level that one of its consequences was the temporary adopting of the toponym by the Sasanian administration, but with a permanent reflection on Khodaynameh that attributed Yemen to Hirah.