عنوان مقاله [English]
The story of Samak-e Ayyar is an Iranian long folklore in the late 10th century AD, written by Faramarz ibn Khodadad ibn Abdollah Kateb Arjani, who wrote the story of Samak-e Ayyar by quoting a person named Sadaqeh bin Abi al-Qasem Shirazi in the third person form. The language of this work is simple and fluent; the sentences are simple, short, and sometimes intermittent. The storyteller has adopted brevity method, which is one of the features of spoken or colloquial prose.
This book is a fiction epic, and its hero is a man named Samak. Samak is a symbol of courage and bravery and is unique in wisdom, insight, and designing clever plots. Due to its fictional nature, the characters in the story have natural and supernatural behavior, which is a feature of old folklores.
Discourse (written and oral) in this story is in the form of monologue or dialogue, which is done in the form of oral messages and letters. The monologue is seen in the form of praise, insult, oath, etc; and the dialogues comprise issues such a confession, marriage proposal, consultation, etc.
In this work, time and place is imaginative and due to its showing more excitement, it has been attributed to the mythical far lands. The events of the story are apparently in China, Machin, East Mountain, and India; perhaps because the rulers at the time were not offended, and from the names of places such as Dasht-e Maran, Shahak Castle, Saffron Meadow, etc it is obvious that it is an Iranian story.
Intellectual, ethical and social themes of this work become clear from the inside of discourse, acts and thoughts in the event of the stories.