عنوان مقاله [English]
The kind of speeches and letters used in the manner of evocation case in each language represent some of the beauties of that language, each of which is used to express the feelings of the speaker. For this reason, rhetoricians and scholars who study various beauties in different rhetorical texts and books treat evocation case as one of these aesthetics. The present article aims to explain evocation case exegesis and meanings in the poetry of Hafez and Ibn Farez using the content analysis method and by applying the method of content analysis based on the comparative literature of the American school. Findings indicate that they first attract the attention of the audience with the use of evocation case and then with the help of motivational statements (affirmative, informational, questioning, obligatory, conditional, and deterrent) that follow the evocation case. , Conveying the message and motivation of the audience; since the postevocational sentences usually carry an important message from the speaker, the two poets exhort the role of language in such sentences that are more in mystical themes, They express their purpose.