عنوان مقاله [English]
Following the primary epics, another type of epic was formed, which is called secondary or artificial epics; A type of epic that is formed by imitating the original epics is religious. They describe the heroism of one of the most prominent figures in the history of Islam, who held a high position among most Muslims. The composition of such poems began in the fifth century, shortly after the time of Ferdowsi, but in the Safavid era due to political and social conditions has been narrated and continued and the attention of poets in later periods to this literary form has been much. In the period between the 11th and 14th centuries, more than twenty religious epic poems have been counted in the Isfahan region alone, which have not yet entered the realms of research.The present study, while explaining the various aspects of religious epics with a descriptive-analytical method, has analyzed and criticized the various areas of the three collections (manuscripts) Ordibeheshtnameh, Shahanshahnameh, Maghamat-e-Hosseini as examples of religious epics. The result of the research shows that the poets of the works did not pay much attention to the linguistic and rhetorical system in such a way that sometimes the epic and lyrical elements are mixed; The semantic and content system has been highly regarded by poets and they have tried to use the text as a means of expressing their religious and doctrinal perceptions, which is a mixture of history and the Poetic preparations. In the meantime, Ordibeheshtnameh and Shahnshahnameh have been very much influenced by Ferdowsi's Shahnameh, but Maghamat-e-Hosseini, apart from rhythm, seems to lack many epic components.