عنوان مقاله [English]
Mathnavi-ye Ma’navi is one of the magnificent works that has always been a subject of review and analysis. A unique characteristic of this literary masterpiece is its structural-lexical unity in parallel sentences (syntactic and lexical rhythm). Parallel sentences are compound sentences, clauses of which are related in terms of coordination, interpretation, apposition, or emphasis. Each of these clauses may be bound compound. It should be noted that the role of syntactic patterns in creating rhythm and eloquence has been neglected. If figures of speech such as parallelism and leonine verse, which are based on prose rhythm and repetition, are studied from a syntactical perspective, it will become clear that the methods of parallelism and leonine verseare in fact parallel sentences that have identical grammatical and linguistic structures. In other words, the syntactic pattern is the basis of the mentioned figures of speech. In addition to the structural-lexical unity, rhythm of words and especially the end rhyme are of importance in these figures of speech, whileunity of grammatical and lexical structures is less focused.Molanawonderfully used this syntactic pattern in both his Divan and Masnavi, notrefraining from repetition of words, compositions,and sentences. It is maybe the parallel structure thatcreates rhythm in his poem. The present paper is an attempt to explaina grammatical point and to study the language of Masnavi in terms of aesthetics, and consequently, stylistics.