عنوان مقاله [English]
Writing biography of poets in the area of thespread of Persian language has a long history and prevalence especially in Transoxiana and India. After the composition of Lubab al-Albab, a long pause in writing biography occurred. In the ninth century, only one biography, namely Tazkirah al-Shu'ara-yiDawlatshah, was written. However, from the late tenth century, writing biography flourished especially in India, where due to the existence of Iranian governments, a suitable environment for poets and Persian writers wascreated. A major biography written at that time was Majma’ al-Fuzala written by Muhammad Aref Bukhara’i. Unfortunately, there has been no significant research about the poet and his book. Indeed, most of the researchers have just quoted remarks from Abdul HaiHabibiand Alireza Naqavi, and have not added anything to them. One of the reasons for anonymity of Majma’ al-Fuzala and its author is the scarcity of it scopies. There are only two known copies of the book; one of them is located at Punjab University and the other one is at Tehran University. This paper attempts to analyze and review the previous researches about Majma’ al-Fuzala. The biography is reviewed and introduced based on the copy at Tehran University.