عنوان مقاله [English]
Attar Neishabouri is one of the characters prominent in poetry, sufim and Gnosticism in the sixth and the beginning of seventh century A.H. According to literary and historical documents, in addition to poetry and Gnosticism, he was famous for making and selling drugs and practising medicine.
Undoubtedly, medicine was in the past based on herb therapy and psychotherapy, traces of both of which are obvious and deductible in Attar’s works.
According to existing works and writings of the researchers who know Attar, his medical profession was inherited in the poet’s family. Anyway, due to Farid-al-Din Mohammad's fame as ‘Attar’ and existence of medical references and statements in his poetry and prose, one can infer that this poet was famous for selling drugs and practising medicine in the style of his time.
In this paper, we intend to survey the status of Attar’s drug-selling and medical practice by referring to the medical plants, statements and herbal substances he uses in his written works, and to show how much and for which purposes he utilizes medical terms and expressions and herbal substances, and to find to what extent his occupation as a grocer influenced his mention of these subject matters.