نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی
1 استادیار زبان و ادبیات فارسی، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی
2 دانشجوی دکتری زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان
عنوان مقاله [English]
Archetypal literary criticism is a type of critical theory that interprets a text by focusing on recurring myths and archetypes in the narrative, symbols, images, and character types in literary work Archetypal criticism gets its impetus from psychologist Carl Jung, who postulated that humankind has a "collective unconscious," a kind of universal psyche, which is manifested in dreams and myths and which harbors themes and images that we all inherit. This heritage, these ancient and mythological forms, can be manifested in art and literature. In the tale of "King and Brahmans" in Kalila and Dimna, positive and negative anima archetypes and the wise old man are respectively: Irandokht, the other wife of king and Kaareydoun the sage. Archetypes of numbers, death, rebirth and mandala can also be found in this tale according to which other layers of meaning can be found in the text.