عنوان مقاله [English]
Ancient anecdotes and stories (Kelileh and Demneh) are considered to be very suitable resources for training, nurturing and flourishing the talents of children and teenagers due to their educational capacities and excellent and pure educational themes. The purpose of the current research is to analyze the rewritten stories of Kelileh and Demneh based on the types of adaptation. The research method is content analysis. While examining the definition of adaptation and its types, the authors have presented various strategies and criteria to carry out a creative and suitable adaptation. Choosing a suitable and creative title, using white writing techniques and telling gaps, creativity in the beginning and ending of stories, expanding the story and old stories through increasing the number of events in the story, increasing conflicts, etc. are important. It is the most important component of a creative and free adaptation of ancient texts, including Kelileh and Demneh. The results of the research showed that among the reviewed works of four rewriting groups, despite the fact that all four groups did not use creative rewriting criteria much; But Davoud Lotfollah and Mozhgan Sheikhi, according to the average that was obtained, compared to the other two rewriters, namely Mehdi Azar Yazdi and Reza Shirazi, have used more features of creative adaptation in their stories.
Keywords: Text rewriting, Kelileh and Demneh, rewriting, adaptation.
The aim of the current research is to analyze the rewritten stories of Kelileh and Demneh based on the types of adaptation. For this review, the works of four groups of rewriters have been analyzed and evaluated. The research questions are: 1. which group of rewriters, according to the types of adaptation, has presented a more suitable and creative rewriting for the age group of the child? What are the most important criteria for choosing a creative and appropriate rewrite? Are these criteria seen in the investigated stories?
The method of collecting information in this research is the examination of library documents and the descriptive-analytical research method. The rewritten stories of Kelileh and Demneh with the original text were analyzed based on the types of adaptation. For this review, the rewritten stories of four authors (Azarizdi, Sheikhi, Lotfollah and Shirazi) were selected. The rewrites have been analyzed based on the types of adaptation.
We determined the extent to which the mentioned rewriters used the criteria and indicators of rewriting and creative adaptation by taking an overall average of the rewriters' use of the stated indicators and we reached the conclusion that despite the fact that all four groups use creative rewriting criteria a lot. have not done; But Davoud Lotfollah and Mozhgan Sheikhi, according to the average that was obtained, compared to the other two rewriters, Mehdi Azarizdi and Reza Shirazi, have used more creative adaptation features in their stories. Illustrative gap or white writing is one of the suitable ways to enter the field of creative rewriting and improve simple and basic rewriting. Authors can provide the reader's participation by putting language and content gaps in the story.